Richard Arum Professor of Sociology and Education New York University
Richard Arum is Professor of Sociology and Education, New York University; and Program Director of Educational Research, Social Science Research Council. He received a Masters of Education in Teaching and Curriculum from Harvard University in 1988 and a Ph.D. in Sociology from the University of California, Berkeley in 1996.
Arum is author of Judging School Discipline: The Crisis of Moral Authority (Harvard University Press, 2003); his international comparative work includes a comparative project on expansion, differentiation and access to higher education in fifteen countries with Adam Gamoran and Yossi Shavit, recently published as Stratification in Higher Education: A Comparative Study (Stanford University Press, 2007); and a current comparative project on school discipline in nine countries. Arum recently successfully coordinated planning activities that led to the creation of the Research Alliance for New York City Schools.
Arum asks questions in his research about how law, markets and politics affect access, curriculum, disciplinary climates and resource investment in schools. His work also explores the extent to which schools shape the life course trajectories of students, examining questions such as: How does school discipline affect youth socialization? To what degree do urban public schools determine whether an individual is likely to end up unemployed, in a dead-end job or incarcerated as an adult? Or alternatively, to what extent do elite colleges affect one’s likelihood of ending up married to individuals with greater social and economic resources? Broadly speaking, his work focuses on relationships among schools, labor markets and state regulation; and how these relationships manifest themselves in the paths that individual biographies follow.